Edward was the third son of Baron Tichborne of Tichborne Park near Alresford, one
of the oldest and richest families in Hampshire.
Edward and his wife, the former Kathryn Seymour, were a quiet Catholic family, never
very well known in Poole. In 1834 their only surviving child, Kathryn was born at
Like his brother James, the fourth son of the Baron, Edward had an allowance of £500
a year, and had started out life working on the Duke of Buckingham's sugar plantations
in Jamaica until, in 1826, to the astonishment of the whole family, he was left the
wealth and estates of a fourth cousin named Elizabeth Doughty. A condition of the
inheritance was that he took the name "Doughty" in the hope that he would have a
son and continue the Doughty line. It was therefore important to purchase an appropriate
house and estate.
Aged 46, he arrived at Upton, built extensions to Upton House including the provision
of a family chapel in the east wing. He brought Andrew Bogle back with him from Jamaica;
Andrew married a Poole girl named Elizabeth Young, and she worked at Upton House
as nurse with Mrs Doughty.
Edward Doughty will be remembered for providing the coach to take the exiled King
Charles X of France from Poole to Lulworth Castle in July 1830, and again when he
sailed from Hamworthy for Scotland.
Mrs Doughty's brother, Henry Seymour, became MP for Poole, and always stayed at the
London Hotel in Poole's High Street, but never set foot in Upton House, and was to
take a prominent part in the misfortunes of his brother-in-laws family in later years.
Kathryn Doughty survived a serious illness, and in gratitude to God for her safe
recovery, Edward had Poole’s first Catholic church built in West Quay Road, which
could be seen by Mrs Doughty as she sat in the Drawing Room at Upton. At this time
the railway had yet to be built, and there was an unfettered view across Holes Bay
with Doughty's Island on the left. Today the site is occupied by the Royal National
Lifeboat Institute head office.
Edward’s brother James Tichborne had married a half-English wife brought up in France
named Henrietta. Their son Roger Tichborne born in France was sent to England to
board at Stoneyhurst school, and he would spend his school holidays at Upton with
his cousin. It was at Upton in 1848 at the end of his schooling that he studied
for his entrance examination and in 1849 aged 20, joined the 6th Dragoon Guards,
the Carabineers, after which he was stationed at Cahir near Waterford for the next
With the death of Baron Tichborne, the grandfather of Roger, the drama of the family
started to unfold.
Henry the eldest son had seven daughters, none of whom could inherit the title, and
had himself become Baron in 1821. The second son, Benjamin had died early. Edward
was in line to succeed his brother Henry, and did so in 1845 to become the 9th Baron
of Tichborne. Whilst in no hurry to leave Upton he would in due course would be expected
to take up the reigns at Alresford. The sale of Upton was a logical step, and Roger
was the next in line. His father James, still living in Paris, agreed to the sale
which required Roger’s signature and that could be accomplished as soon as he was
of age in 1850. Roger, however, refused to sign, declaring his love for Upton, and
that of his cousin "Katty". At this, in 1852, his Uncle Edward and Aunt Kathryn banned
him from ever setting foot in Upton again.
Roger resigned his commission, prepared to sail to South America, and disappeared
"presumed drowned". Edward died in 1853 and James took the title until he too died
in 1862 he died. Roger's brother Alfred became the 11th Baron of Tichborne, but was
made bankrupt in 1863. His mother, Henrietta, always refused to acknowledge the death
of Roger and decided to advertise for news of him having heard rumours that he had
made his way to Australia.
Thus began the famous Victorian legal cases relating to the "Tichborne Claimant",
and the man who appeared in 1866 claiming to be Roger. Henry Danby Seymour was violently
opposed to the Claimant (a man referred to as Thomas Castro or as Arthur Orton),
and Alfred Seymour MP for Salisbury would also appear in the coming battle which
bankrupted the Tichborne Estates.
In May 1871, the battle was joined. 35,000 questions were asked in Court and on the
103rd day the case was stopped, "Roger" had a writ of perjury entered against him,
he was arrested and taken to Newgate on 7th March 1872.
On 21 April 1873 the trial "Regina v Castro" was started and, occupying 188 court
days, was one of the lengthiest to be heard in an English court. On 28 February 1894
the court declared that the defendant was not Roger Tichborne and he was sentenced
to two consecutive terms of seven years’ imprisonment. Within a month the Tichborne
Estates Act was passed to pay the £92,000 legal costs out of the estate.